World Environment Day and the Green Somalia Campaign:

World Environment Day and the Green Somalia Campaign:

Muqdisho (Raxanreeb ) -World Environment Day, celebrated on June 5th each year, is a global platform for raising awareness and taking action on pressing environmental issues. This annual event, established by the United Nations in 1974, has grown to become a pivotal occasion for encouraging worldwide consciousness and actions to protect our environment. This year’s theme for World Environment Day 2024 is “Ecosystem Restoration,” emphasizing the need for efforts in restoring damaged ecosystems and conserving the natural environment.

In Somalia, World Environment Day is of significant importance considering the challenges the country grapples with, from droughts to pest invasions. These major environmental issues are attributed to climate change, deforestation, and desertification.

The President of Somalia Dr. Hassan Sheikh Mohamud recently launched the Green Somalia Campaign to promote collective action in the climate action space. The Green Somalia Campaign is an initiative aimed at combating environmental degradation, promoting reforestation, and encouraging sustainable practices among the citizens.

As the world focuses on ecosystem restoration, Somalia’s efforts through the Green Somalia Campaign can serve as an inspiring example of environmental stewardship in action. Citizens are crucial players in restorative actions; hence the initiative sets up campaigns aligned with the goals of World Environment Day, considering their important role in Somalia’s environmental strategy.

Notably, Somalia’s community awareness regarding environmental issues isn’t uniform. In urban centers like Mogadishu, there is a growing recognition of the importance of environmental conservation. However, in rural areas, where the majority of the population resides, knowledge and awareness about environmental issues and sustainable practices remain limited.

This information is mainly shared and championed by local NGOs, international organizations, and government initiatives. However, rural citizens, living traditional lifestyles with limited access to education and information, face significant barriers to widespread environmental awareness. Therefore, the initiative aims to share information across populations, collectively calling for action among the citizenry in response to challenges arising from climate change.

The Green Somalia Campaign seeks to address the challenges faced, particularly aridness, severe droughts, desertification, and deforestation for charcoal production and agricultural expansion. These activities further degrade the land, reducing its ability to support vegetation and contributing to soil erosion.

According to the Green Somalia Campaign, the success of the initiative relies on community engagement through civic education and incentives for locals to adopt sustainable measures, facilitated by their local leaders and organizations.

Policymakers also play an essential role by creating suitable policies and governance structures to support the campaign’s objectives. This includes enforcing regulations on deforestation, promoting sustainable land use practices, and supporting alternative livelihoods to reduce dependence on environmentally harmful activities.

The Green Somalia Campaign focuses on reforestation and afforestation efforts to mitigate these impacts. Planting trees not only helps restore degraded lands but also improves soil quality, enhances water retention, and provides habitats for wildlife.
Successful actions already undertaken include projects by youth, such as the voluntary cleanup at Lido Beach every Friday morning.

Additionally, students and members from various community sectors actively participate in educating the community about environmental stewardship and encouraging them to contribute to the beauty of their surroundings by planting trees.


World Environment Day serves as a reminder of our common responsibilities to maintain and restore our environment. In Somalia, the Green Somalia Campaign represents a significant step towards addressing the country’s environmental concerns. By raising awareness, supporting reforestation, and encouraging sustainable habits, Somalia may advance towards a greener and more sustainable future. However, tackling the challenges of funds, community participation, policy support, and climate resilience will be vital to the campaign’s success.

Jacfar Mohamed Ali

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