Urgent appeal for constitutional reforms in Somalia: Unifying under one strong Nation & one Strong President

Like any other country, the need for constitutional reforms in Somalia arises from various factors aimed at addressing specific challenges and fostering positive developments. Here are compelling reasons supporting the appeal for constitutional changes in Somalia:

  1. Political Stability: Somalia has endured prolonged political instability, conflicts, and internal strife within the top leadership. Constitutional changes are seen as a vital step towards establishing a more stable political environment and strengthening governmental institutions, guided by the visionary leadership of the president.
  2. Inclusivity: Seeking constitutional amendments aims to promote greater inclusivity in the political process, ensuring representation for diverse ethnic, regional, and social groups within the constitutional framework. This reinforces the democratic principles of majority rule and minority respect.
  3. Security: Somalia has faced security challenges, including the presence of violent militant groups like Al Shabab. Constitutional changes are essential to enhance the country’s security apparatus, improve coordination in addressing security concerns, and empower decisive, strong leadership to protect the nation.
  4. Decentralization: Constitutional amendments may focus on decentralizing governance structures to empower regional and local authorities. This promotes better service delivery, addresses local needs effectively, and maintains national unity under the unique leadership of the Somali president.
  5. Human Rights: A revised constitution may include provisions aimed at strengthening human rights protections, ensuring equality, and addressing historical injustices. This opens the opportunity for a two-party system with diverse constituent opinions.
  6. Economic Development: Constitutional changes can create an enabling environment for economic development, attracting investments, and fostering economic growth through coherent and consistent political leadership stability.
  7. International Recognition and Support: Aligning the constitution with international norms enhances Somalia’s standing in the international community. This attracts support for state-building efforts without compromising traditional and faith values.
  8. Conflict Resolution: Addressing the root causes of political conflicts and incorporating mechanisms for conflict resolution, such as introducing a presidential system, is a key aspect of reform efforts in the country’s political leadership.

As long as all parties adhere to the needs of long-waited constitutional changes, the success of a living constitution depends on inclusivity, quality stakeholder engagement, and adherence to democratic principles, including free and fair elections with one person, one vote. Public awareness, participation, and acceptance are crucial for the effectiveness and sustainability of constitutional reforms. The national intrinsic constitutional interests take precedence over the localized interests of individual states.

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