Deconstructing Somalia-Somaliland Agreement in Djibouti: A Critical Analysis

On Friday, the Somali presidency, Villa Somalia, released a concise two-page communique signed by Somalia’s Interior Minister, Ahmed Moalim Fiqi, and Somaliland’s Interior Minister, Mohamed Kahin.

The accord, brokered by Djibouti’s dictator, Ismail Omar Guelleh, spans eight points, signaling a purported breakthrough after two days of negotiations.

The agreement outlines a commitment to resume talks within 30 days, establishing technical committees to oversee discussions.

Notably, both parties expressed a willingness to uphold past agreements from 2012 to 2020. These agreements have allowed Somaliland a unique “special arrangement,” enabling Hargeisa to receive international aid and development projects without passing through Mogadishu—a practice that, thus far, has yielded limited tangible outcomes despite being resource-intensive and time-consuming.

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